Measuring Sprawl and Its Impact

2002
In this first-of-its-kind study, the product of three years of research, the authors define, measure and evaluate metropolitan sprawl and its impacts and create an impact based on four factors: residential density, neighborhood mix of uses, strength of activity centers and downtowns, and accessibility of the street network.

Click here to download the full report (PDF)
Click here to download the Executive Summary (PDF)
Click here to download the Technical Report (PDF)
Click here to download the Ranking Table (PDF)

Statistics by Metro Region

Akron, OH
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Albuquerque, NM
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA
Atlanta, GA
Austin, TX
Baltimore, MD
Baton Rouge, LA
Birmingham, AL
Boston-Lawrence-Salem-Lowell-Brockton, MA
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT
Buffalo, NY
Chicago, IL
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN
Cleveland, OH
Colorado Springs, CO
Columbia, SC
Columbus, OH
Dallas, TX
Denver, CO
Detroit, MI
El Paso, TX
Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL
Ft. Worth-Arlington, TX
Fresno, CA
Gary-Hammond, IN
Grand Rapids, MI
Greenville-Spartanburg, SC
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown-Bristol, CT
Honolulu, HI
Houston, TX
Indianapolis, IN
Jacksonville, FL
Jersey City, NJ
Kansas City, MO-KS
Knoxville, TN
Las Vegas, NV
Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR
Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA
Memphis, TN-AR-MS
Miami-Hialeah, FL
Milwaukee, WI
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI
New Haven-Waterbury-Meriden, CT
New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Newark, NJ
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA
Oakland, CA
Oklahoma City, OK
Omaha, NE-IA
Orlando, FL
Philadelphia, PA
Phoenix, AZ
Pittsburgh, PA
Portland, OR
Providence-Pawtucket-Woonsocket, RI
Raleigh-Durham, NC
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA
Rochester, NY
Sacramento, CA
Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT
San Antonio, TX
San Diego, CA
San Francisco, CA
San Jose, CA
Seattle, WA
Springfield, MA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Syracuse, NY
Tacoma, WA
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Toledo, OH
Tuscon, AZ
Tulsa, OK
Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA
Ventura-Oxnard, CA
Washington, DC-MD-VA
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL
Wichita, KS
Worcester-Fitchburg-Leonminster, MA